Our teeth consist of enamel, dentine, cementum and pulp tissue.
Enamel: is the outer layer that is visible above the gum line. It is white in colour and is the hardest tissue in our body.
Dentine: is the inner layer. It is darker in colour and softer in consistency compared to enamel.
Cementum covers the surface of the tooth under the gum line. The tooth is anchored to the jaw bone by small fibres called periodontal ligament. These fibres are anchored in the cementum on one side and the jaw bone on the other side.
The pulp: is the room inside the tooth that contains the blood vessels, the lymphatic vessels and the nerve ends.